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What is the difference between Australia Visa Subclasses 189, 190, and 491?

What is the difference between Australia Visa Subclasses 189, 190, and 491?

What is the difference between Australia Visa Subclasses 189, 190, and 491?

For Indian professionals looking to immigrate to Australia based on their skills and qualifications, the skilled migration program in Australia is a well-liked route. The program provides a variety of visa choices, including Subclass 189, 190, and 491 visas, all of which are intended to draw qualified employees who can support the Australian economy.

While Visa Subclass 189 and 190 are a route to Permanent Residence, Subclass 491 on the other hand is not an Australia PR Visa it is a temporary visa that allows a stay of up to 5 years. Here are some comparisons and parallels between Visa Subclass 189, 190, and 491.

  Check Your Eligiblity
Factors Skilled Independent Subclass 189 Visa Skilled Nominated Subclass 190 Visa Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) Subclass 491 Visa
Invitations The amount of invitations is determined by the requirement in your designated occupation in Australia and your point total. Must first be invited by a state or territory administration before applying using a points-based system based on occupation. If the state/territory approves sponsorship, an invitation is assured.
Visa Type Permanent Residence Status Permanent Residence Status Temporary Residence Status
Compulsory Stays on the Visas. Complete freedom of movement and other social advantages An applicant must stay in the sponsored state or territory for at least 2 years. Applicants must reside and work in the region that has sponsored them.
PR Pathway Direct PR PR through State Nomination After three years, one may seek a PR visa.
Take your dependents and spouse along Can take your partner and dependent children along Can take your partner and dependent children along Can take your partner and dependent children along
Sponsor your parents After two years of residence in Australia, one may sponsor parents. After two years of residence in Australia, one may sponsor parents. After two years of residence in Australia, one may sponsor parents.
Selection Criteria The same selection process for all applicants Different Selection Criteria, depending upon the state or territory. Different Selection Criteria, depending upon the region.
Application Process The same application process is for all applications. Additional Steps for Nomination.
Which application process?Depends on the state/ territory.
Additional Steps for Nomination.
Which application process?Depends on the state/ territory.
Age Under 45 years of age at the time of invitation. Under 45 years of age at the time of invitation. Under 45 years of age at the time of invitation.
Eligible Occupations 189 Visa Occupation List, one list for all applicants State Occupation List, Many lists depending upon the state requirements. Regional Occupation List, Many Lists depending upon the requirements of the region.
65 Points Minimum Score of 65 points on the general skilled migration point test. Additional 5 points for State Nomination 15 Points for Regional Sponsorship/ nomination

Do I need a job offer before submitting a Subclass 189, Subclass 190, and Subclass 491 visa application?

No, you can apply for any of the three visas without having a job offer. But, having a job offer can help you meet the nomination requirements for a Subclass 190 visa and Subclass 491 visa and improve your chances of being chosen for a Subclass 189 visa.

Can I simultaneously apply for more than one Visa?

No, you can only submit one visa application at a time. Depending on your qualifications and preferences, you can apply for either Subclass 189 or Subclass 190, or any other subclass.

How long is the Subclass 189 visa valid?

The validity duration for the Skilled Independent (Subclass 189) Visa is indefinite. Close relatives are also included in the application for the permanent resident visa.

What advantages do Subclass 491 skilled visas offer?

The holder and their immediate family members have the right to live, work, and study in the specified area of Australia under the terms of Subclass 491 provisional visa. Additionally, the Skilled Nominated Visa 491 permits the holder to make several domestic and international trips during the duration of the visa’s validity.


  Check Your Eligiblity

Can I apply for a Subclass 190 visa without a state or territory government nomination?

No, in order to apply for a Subclass 190 visa, you must be nominated by a state or territorial authority. Each state and territory has its own application requirements and nomination standards.

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